You are here

Drupal一个牛逼的防spam/harvest模块 Bad Behavior

2012年4月18日:如果不是很熟悉这一块的 没必要装这个软件 可能会导致部分访问不了

今天 在Drupal官网查useragent方面模块的时候
看到了Bad Behavior这个模块的:http://drupal.org/project/badbehavior
看介绍就很有兴趣装一下

1,下载解压到sites/all/modules
2,下载到http://bad-behavior.ioerror.us/download/ 下载Bad Behavior最新版解压到sites/all/libraries
3,到admin/modules 启用Bad Behavior模块

安装后几分钟到后台看数据:admin/reports/badbehavior

发现好几个403错误的
一个网站监控的 header不对劲

Denied Reason	Required header 'Accept' missing
Explanation	An invalid request was received from your browser. 
This may be caused by a malfunctioning proxy server or browser privacy software.

开始在后台找不到添加排除的地方
看README有介绍白名单设置

4. Information on whitelisting can be found here if needed:
   http://bad-behavior.ioerror.us/documentation/whitelisting

   The whitelist file would need to be created here:
   /[path/to/site]/sites/all/libraries/bad-behavior/whitelist.ini

把文件sites/all/libraries/bad-behavior/whitelist-sample.ini重命名为whitelist.ini
送上我的整理的白名单

; whitelist.ini
;
; Inappropriate whitelisting WILL expose you to spam, or cause Bad Behavior
; to stop functioning entirely! DO NOT WHITELIST unless you are 100% CERTAIN
; that you should.

; IP address ranges use the CIDR format.

[ip]
; Digg whitelisted as of 2.0.12
ip[] = "64.191.203.0/24"

;Google
ip[] = "66.249.0.0/16"
ip[] = "64.233.00.0/16"
ip[] = "72.14..0/16"
ip[] = "203.208.0.0/16"
ip[] = "74.125.0.0/16"
ip[] = "216.239.32.0/19"

ip[] = "209.85.0.0/16"
;baidu
ip[] = "61.135.0.0/16"
ip[] = "220.181.0.0/16"
ip[] = "123.125.0.0/16"
ip[] = "180.76.0.0/16"

;百度转码
ip[] = "113.13.0.0/16"
ip[] = "180.149.0.0/16"

;bing
ip[] = "207.46.0.0/16"
ip[] = "65.52.0.0/14"
ip[] = "207.68.128.0/18"
ip[] = "207.68.192.0/20"
ip[] = "64.4.0.0/18"
ip[] = "157.54.0.0/15"
ip[] = "157.60.0.0/16"
ip[] = "157.55.0.0/16"
ip[] = "157.56.0.0/14"
ip[] = "74.86.0.0/16"

;yahoo
ip[] = "202.160.176.0/20"
ip[] = "67.195.0.0/16"
ip[] = "203.209.252.0/24"
ip[] = "72.30.0.0/16"
ip[] = "98.136.0.0/14"
ip[] = "74.6.0.0/16"
;yahoo china
ip[] = "110.75.0.0/16"

;sogou
ip[] = "123.126.0.0/16"
ip[] = "220.181.0.0/16"
ip[] = "61.135.0.0/16"

;soso
ip[] = "124.115.0.0/16"

;youdao
ip[] = "61.135.0.0/16"

;uptimerobot
ip[] = "74.86.158.0/24"

;ip[] = "10.0.0.0/8"
;ip[] = "172.16.0.0/12"
;ip[] = "192.168.0.0/16"

; User agents are matched by exact match only.

[useragent]
useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:5.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/5.0"
useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; UptimeRobot/1.0; http://www.uptimerobot.com/)"

useragent[] = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; JianKongBao Monitor 1.1)"

useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Baiduspider/2.0; +http://www.baidu.com/search/spider.html)"
useragent[] = "Baiduspider+(+http://www.baidu.com/search/spider.htm)"
useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; zh-CN; rv:1.9.2.8;baidu Transcoder) Gecko/20100722 Firefox/3.6.8 ( .NET CLR 3.5.30729)"

useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible;YoudaoFeedFetcher/1.0;http://www.youdao.com/help/reader/faq/topic006/;3 subscribers;)"
useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; YodaoBot/1.0; http://www.yodao.com/help/webmaster/spider/;)"
useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; YoudaoBot/1.0; http://www.youdao.com/help/webmaster/spider/;)"

useragent[] = "Sosospider+(+http://help.soso.com/webspider.htm)"

useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)"

useragent[] = "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; bingbot/2.0; +http://www.bing.com/bingbot.htm)"


useragent[] = "Yahoo! Slurp China"
; URLs are matched from the first / after the server name up to, but not
; including, the ? (if any). The URL to be whitelisted is a URL on YOUR site.
; A partial URL match is permitted, so URL whitelist entries should be as
; specific as possible, but no more specific than necessary. For instance,
; "/example" would match "/example.php" and "/example/address".

[url]

添加刚才报错的ua 就完成了,
有道的蜘蛛YodaoBot和YoudaoFeedFetcher 也都403 也加如白名单了

这个模块实在太强悍了
header稍微不对就咔嚓!

对badbehavior.admin.inc做了点小改动

后台统计数据 默认是显示20条的 改为100的

  if ($logtype == 'verbose') {
    $sql = db_select('bad_behavior_log', 'b')
      ->fields('b')
      ->extend('PagerDefault')
        ->limit(100)
      ->extend('TableSort')
        ->orderByHeader($header)
      ->execute();
  }

ip默认只用who.is的 查询的时候还的跳转到http://whois.domaintools.com/
再添加了几个我常用的

    if ($record->ip) {
      $output .= gethostbyaddr($record->ip) . ' (' . l(t('whois'), 'http://whois.domaintools.com/' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('he'), 'http://bgp.he.net/ip/' . $record->ip).')
	  ---(' . l(t('geo'), 'http://www.spambusted.com/geo.php?ip=' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('honeypot'), 'http://www.projecthoneypot.org/ip_' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('baidu'), 'http://www.baidu.com/s?wd=' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('Google'), 'http://www.google.com/search?ie=utf-8&num=20&oe=utf-8&q=' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('ip2'), 'http://www.infosniper.net/index.php?ip_address=' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('chinaz'), 'http://ip.chinaz.com/?IP=' . $record->ip) . ')
	  ---(' . l(t('123cha'), 'http://www.123cha.com/ip/?q=' . $record->ip) . ')

	  </td></tr>';
    }

直接打开没referer的提示错误

Header 'Referer' present but blank
Header 'Referer' is corrupt

打开sites\all\libraries\bad-behavior\bad-behavior\common_tests.inc.php
删掉以下代码去掉这个 省的报错

	if (array_key_exists('Referer', $package['headers_mixed'])) {
		// Referer, if it exists, must not be blank
		if (empty($package['headers_mixed']['Referer'])) {
			return "69920ee5";
		}

		// Referer, if it exists, must contain a :
		// While a relative URL is technically valid in Referer, all known
		// legitimate user-agents send an absolute URL
		if (strpos($package['headers_mixed']['Referer'], ":") === FALSE) {
			return "45b35e30";
		}
	}

Wordpress的也有这样的:http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/bad-behavior/
看文件结构应该还支持 mediawiki.

文章类型: